Investment opportunities / By Province

Toshkent province

 1. Geographical location. Territory, climate.

Tashkent province is located in the northeast of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It borders in the north with the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the northeast - with Kyrgyzstan and Namangan province, in the south - with Tajikistan, in the west - with Syrdarya province. The area territory totals to 15,3 thousand sq. km.

There are three large water reservoirs located in the province: Charvak 2010 million cubic m, Tashkent 250 million in cubic m, Ahangaran - 250 million in cubic m. Main rivers are Syrdarya (its length is equal to 125 km in the Tashkent province) and its inflows: Chirchik (together with Pskem) and Angren.

Northeast and eastern part of the province is occupied by Chatkal, Kuramin, Pskem and Ugam mountain ridges. Most part of the territory is a gradually decreasing plain, to the south and the southwest to the river of Syrdarya. Mountain "steppes are encountered in mountains till height of 1200-1400 meters, above them fir woods, and at height of 2000 meters - subalpine and Alpine pastures.

The climate of Tashkent province is sharply continental, characteristic features are dryness, an abundance of heat, light. The coldest month is January, June is the hottest month, in mountains - July-August are the hottest months. The vegetation period on plain consist of 210 days in a year.

2. Social-economic development

The volume of gross regional product (GRP) of Tashkent region increased in 2010 by 10.1% as against 2009 and made up 5571.1 billion som. In total GRP volume the capacity of production of industrial outputs made up 27.8%, agriculture 24.4%, construction 4.1%, trade and catering 8.0%, transport and communication 14.5%, other tangible manufacturing fields 14.9% and taxes 6.3%. 

In total volume of GRP the share of small-scale business made up 54.7% and share of services 37.4%. The GRP for per head reached 2133.8 thousand som.

Regions industrial output production capacity in 2010 made up 4209.12 billion som or increased by 26.9% as against 2009.  

2.1. Population

The Tashkent area is formed on January, 15th, 1938. The province includes 15 districts: Akkurgan, Ahangaran, Bekabad, Bostanlyk, Buka, Zangiata, Kibray, Kuyichirchik, Parkent, Pskent, Tashkent, Urtachirchik, Chinaz, Yukarichirchik and Yangiyul. The Administrative centre - the city of Tashkent.

Up to January 1, 2011, the number of population makes up 2 million 610.9 thousand people (minus Tashkent city). Density of population 171.1 thousand people per square kilometer. The region holds 4th place in the country by number of population. The people of Tashkent region makes up 9.0% of countrys population.  

 The largest cities are Almalyk, Angren, Ahangaran, Bekabad, Chirchik, Yangiyul.

The region is multi-ethnic, in particular 65.3 % of population composed by Uzbeks, 13.3% - Kazakhs, 6.4% - Russians, 5.3% - Tajiks, 2.3% - Koreans and 7.4% - Kyrgyzs, Uigurs, Tatars, Ukrainians and other representatives of over 80 nations.     

1 million 177.7 thousand person of total population engaged on regions economic sphere, including 253.1 thousand person on agriculture and forestry, 157.2 thousand on industry, 86.9 thousand on the field of public education and culture, 65.3 thousand on health protection and social security sphere, 36.1 thousand on construction sphere, 27.4 thousand on the field of transport and communications, 22.1 thousand on community and consumer services, 458.4 thousand on other economic fields.      

2.2. Development of agrarian sector

Agriculture is one of the main components of regions economics.

Main resources of agricultural production are crop products grain, cotton-wool, vegetables, fruits as well as cattle breeding cattle and small cattle, poultry and fish-breeding.

Six districts of region (Ahangaran, Bostanliq, Zangiata, Kibray, Parkent and Yangiyul) are oriented to manufacture fruit and vegetable products and rest of districts engaged on growing of cotton and grain. Cotton and wheat crops occupied three-quarters of fertile lands.    

The region is one of the ancient centers of wine-growing and wine-making in country. The main objective of regions agriculture is growing of green fruits and grapes, supply of them urban and industrial centers, reprocessing of grapes in available stations, as well as exporting green fruits and vegetables.   

By the end of 2010 agricultural lands reached to 813.9 thousand hectares and 425.4 thousand of them are pastures, 305.1 hectares irrigable lands, 35.7 thousand hectares - dry lands, 38.5 thousand hectares gardens and 11.7 thousand hectares vineyards.         

The gross product in agrarian sector made up 2073.6 billion som in 2010 and increased by 23.0% as against 2009. 

Gross product of farms made up 1219.9 billion som and increased by 27.6% as against previous year and 58.8% of total manufactured output.  

Gross product of cattle breeding reached to 853.7 billion som or increased by 4.1% as against previous year and 41.2% of total manufactured output.

There are operating 6034 farms in region which occupies 453.8 thousand hectares of land, where employed 121.0 thousand person. Farms engaged on manufacturing of crop products cotton wool, grain, fruits, grapes, melons and gourds, cocoons.     

Farms produced 166.0 thousand ton of meat, 568.0 thousand ton of milk, 871.0 pieces of eggs, 255.4 ton of cotton-wool, 627.2 thousand ton of grain, 268.8 thousand ton of potatoes, 1299.1 thousand ton of vegetables, 102.0 thousand ton of melons and gourds, 140.1 thousand ton of fruits, 115.5 thousand ton of grapes.   

On the ground of aforesaid resources cotton-cleaning, cotton-processing, textile, sewing and food industries, including production of meat and milk, oil and fat, flour-grinding and cereals, wine, canning, confectionary and other spheres got development.    

2.3. Mineral and raw materials potential

The region has a great reserves of mineral and raw materials resources. There are fields of brown coal and kaolin, reserves of iron, copper, lead and zink, bismuth, lithium, asbestos, glass stuff, stuff for produce of cement and facing stone and others in its area.     

There are also 88 deposits of natural and raw materials resources and 43 of them - under development, 45 non-development and development of 2 deposits is considered unprofitable.

Reserves of precious minerals include following:

- iron in Western Spurs of Chatkal mountain range with capacity of 120 million ton of ore;

- copper in Kalmakir deposit with reserves of 18.1 million ton

- molybdenum with reserves of 220.4 thousand ton;

- lead and zink in Lashkarek and Kurgashin deposits with reserves of 240.7 thousand ton and 239.2 thousand ton accordingly;

- bismuth with reserves of 701.7 ton;

- lithium in Shavazsay deposit with reserves of 12.1 million ton;

- uranium with reserves of 18.2 thousand ton;

- silver in Kuchbulak and Kizilolmasay deposits with reserves of 13.5 thousand ton;

- coal in Angren, Shargun and Baysuntau deposits with reserves of 1 965.3 million ton;

- kaolin in Angren deposit with reserves of 1 338.2 million ton;

- asbestos Saricheqis deposit with probable reserves of 5 819 ton.

On the ground of aforesaid resources such spheres as fuel and energy, mechanical engineering, mining chemical, building materials industry and others got development in cities and districts of region.

2.4. Industrial potential

Tashkent region is a large industrial area of Uzbekistan. Its industrial capacity holds on of the leading positions in country. The region manufacturing 20% of  industrial outputs, 45% of power energy, 98% of coal, 43% of cement, 100% of metal-roll and main part of non-ferrous metals, which are produced in the country. There are operating 87 large enterprises and 51 of them engaged on consumer goods production.     

In 2010 industrial outputs worth 4209.2 billion som have been produced, including consumer goods worth 1115.5 billion som that increased by 26.9% and 48.4% accordingly as against 2009. Regions key industries are light industry (13.6% of total production capacity), food industry (15.3%) and chemical industry (12.7%), as well as building materials production (7.9%), mechanical engineering and metal working up (5.5%), fuel industry (2.4%).     

Regions power supply ensured by electric station of the Tashkent thermo power station, multimode power of which covers requirements of region. Part of generated electric energy entry into Central Asian united power system.    

Metal manufacture

Almalyk mining and metallurgical plant, Uzmetkombinat joint-stock manufacturing company, Uzbek combine of refractory and heat-resistant metals are leading industries of country, which are produce main part of non-ferrous metals and metal roll.  

 

 

Chemical industry

Joint ventures - Maxam-Chirchiq PC in Chirchiq town and Ammofos-Maxam PC in Almalyk town are among key factories of countrys chemical industry, producing nitrogen and phosphoric fertilizers, as well as other chemical outputs.  

Light industry

The significant objective before industry is enhancement of extent of products technological processing and transfer from raw materials export to finished commodity export. 

To date following light industry enterprises with contribution of foreign investments are operating:

-       "POYANDOZ" JV, "UZTAFTING IMPEX" JV, "TUTKU KARPET" SC, "YUSUFBOSTANTEKSTIL" FC,  "PRESTIJGILAM" JV (carpets production);

-       Bursel-Tashkent-Textile JV,  "DAESHINMEGATEX" FC, "BESA TEKSTIL" FC, "NIL TEKS SIRKETI" FC, "TAKRO-OSIYO" LLC, "TAKRO-SALE-FAYZ" LLC, "EVROKONSEPT" FC,  "ARGE FASHION" FC (knitwork production);

-      PLASTEX LLC, "KORAY TEKSTIL" JV, "SPENTEX TASHKENT TOYTEPA" FC (cotton yarn manufacture);

-        "CHINOZ TUQIMACHI LTD" LLC (stockinet manufacture)

-        "OSBORN TEXTILE" FC (terry-cloth manufacture).

Mechanical engineering

Leading position on industrial manufacture holds by machinery building factories - Uzbekkimyomash PC and Chirchiqkishmash PC. They are produce outfits and component parts for gas and petrochemical industries, cotton seeding-machines, cultivators, picking machines as well as spare parts for agricultural manufacturing.

Building materials manufacture

Building materials manufacturing is also to develop in region. Factories of Ahangarantsement PC, Ahangaranshifer PC, Bekabadtsement PC, Gazalkentoyna JV and others are producing cement, roofing slate, ceramics, glass, brick, linoleum, ferroconcrete items and constructions.  

2.5. Transportation and communication

There is the railway transport system connecting Uzbekistan with republics of Central Asia and the states of Eastern Europe on the territory of the province. The length of railways equals 363,4 km.

 The total length of highways of province are 3960 km (taking into account international mains), including regional and local significance 2324 km. The main highways: Big Uzbek Track and the road connecting Tashkent with Fergana valley; construction of a transnational automobile highway of the Great silk way on the route Tashkent-Andijan-Osh-Kashgar through pass Kamchik / the Kuramin ridge / in Republic of  Kyrgyzstan Osh city and Xinjan-Uygur Autonomous Region of China is carried out.

 The project of constructing a unique for Central Asia center transport logistics, with the total area of 100 hectares is being developed. This will create an additional infrastructure for foreign and domestic investment, will promote development of small and private business in the region, will contribute to  strategic issues on integration into world transport system and improve transport infrastructure of the Great silk way.

Electro connection, mail service, telecommunication (including cellular), special connection, state medical/forestry communication is functioning in Tashkent province.

4 operators of cellular communication operate in the province "MTS-Uzbekistan", Ucell, "Beeline" and "Uzmobile".

In 2010, all communication enterprises provided services in the amount of 53.4 billion soums.

2.6. Social infrustructure development 

There are 3 higher educational institutions, 16 research institutions, 120 colleges, 6 academic lyceums, 893 comprehensive schools, 875 libraries, 153 clubs and 31 cinemas in the region.

Substantial attention is focused on strengthening of the health of the population, physical culture and sports development: 4279 sports objects, 673 gymnasiums, 40 stadiums, 69 tennis courts, 20 pools, 20 markets, 6 museums are functioning. In public health services sphere 492 out-patient polyclinics, 91 hospitals, from which 169 are privately owned are operating.

There are working 43 recreation facilities in the province and 13 of them are sanatoriums (for 2.224 berth), 2 - child sanatoriums (for 300 berth), 9 - sanatorium-preventoriums (for 1047 berth) and 14 - recreation areas (for 1.488 berth). More than 4 thousand people used recreation services during 2010.  

Most part of province is on the foothills of Tyan Shan mountain ridge. The environment of Tashkent region attracts due its amenity and picturesque.  

 Chimgan travel complex is generally known. It is 90 kilometers away from Tashkent city, on Chatqal foothills. Many people call this unique place as Uzbek Switzerland. Existence of reserves and pristine environment with rich flora and fauna promotes to phyto and health-improving therapy and organization of commercial safari.      

Such facilities as Sport and health-improving complex of Charvaq recreation center and Chatqal public biosphere reserve enable to provide high level services. 

MFERITMEDEF InternationalInternational Business CenterGov.uzPress ServiceOliy MajlisUzASARIO