1. Geographical location. Territory, climate.
Tashkent province is located in the northeast of the
There are three large water reservoirs located in the province: Charvak – 2010 million cubic m, Tashkent – 250 million in cubic m, Ahangaran - 250 million in cubic m. Main rivers are – Syrdarya (its length is equal to
Northeast and eastern part of the province is occupied by Chatkal, Kuramin, Pskem and Ugam mountain ridges. Most part of the territory is a gradually decreasing plain, to the south and the southwest to the
The climate of
2. Social-economic development
The volume of gross regional product (GRP) of
In total volume of GRP the share of small-scale business made up 54.7% and share of services – 37.4%. The GRP for per head reached 2133.8 thousand som.
Region’s industrial output production capacity in 2010 made up 4209.12 billion som or increased by 26.9% as against 2009.
Up to January 1, 2011, the number of population makes up 2 million 610.9 thousand people (minus
The largest cities are Almalyk, Angren, Ahangaran, Bekabad, Chirchik, Yangiyul.
The region is multi-ethnic, in particular 65.3 % of population composed by Uzbeks, 13.3% - Kazakhs, 6.4% - Russians, 5.3% - Tajiks, 2.3% - Koreans and 7.4% - Kyrgyzs, Uigurs, Tatars, Ukrainians and other representatives of over 80 nations.
1 million 177.7 thousand person of total population engaged on region’s economic sphere, including 253.1 thousand person – on agriculture and forestry, 157.2 thousand – on industry, 86.9 thousand – on the field of public education and culture, 65.3 thousand – on health protection and social security sphere, 36.1 thousand – on construction sphere, 27.4 thousand – on the field of transport and communications, 22.1 thousand – on community and consumer services, 458.4 thousand – on other economic fields.
2.2. Development of agrarian sector
Agriculture is one of the main components of region’s economics.
Main resources of agricultural production are crop products – grain, cotton-wool, vegetables, fruits as well as cattle breeding – cattle and small cattle, poultry and fish-breeding.
Six districts of region (Ahangaran, Bostanliq, Zangiata, Kibray, Parkent and Yangiyul) are oriented to manufacture fruit and vegetable products and rest of districts engaged on growing of cotton and grain. Cotton and wheat crops occupied three-quarters of fertile lands.
The region is one of the ancient centers of wine-growing and wine-making in country. The main objective of region’s agriculture is growing of green fruits and grapes, supply of them urban and industrial centers, reprocessing of grapes in available stations, as well as exporting green fruits and vegetables.
By the end of 2010 agricultural lands reached to 813.9 thousand hectares and 425.4 thousand of them are pastures,
The gross product in agrarian sector made up 2073.6 billion som in 2010 and increased by 23.0% as against 2009.
Gross product of farms made up 1219.9 billion som and increased by 27.6% as against previous year and 58.8% of total manufactured output.
Gross product of cattle breeding reached to 853.7 billion som or increased by 4.1% as against previous year and 41.2% of total manufactured output.
There are operating 6034 farms in region which occupies 453.8 thousand hectares of land, where employed 121.0 thousand person. Farms engaged on manufacturing of crop products – cotton wool, grain, fruits, grapes, melons and gourds, cocoons.
Farms produced 166.0 thousand ton of meat, 568.0 thousand ton of milk, 871.0 pieces of eggs, 255.4 ton of cotton-wool, 627.2 thousand ton of grain, 268.8 thousand ton of potatoes, 1299.1 thousand ton of vegetables, 102.0 thousand ton of melons and gourds, 140.1 thousand ton of fruits, 115.5 thousand ton of grapes.
On the ground of aforesaid resources cotton-cleaning, cotton-processing, textile, sewing and food industries, including production of meat and milk, oil and fat, flour-grinding and cereals, wine, canning, confectionary and other spheres got development.
2.3. Mineral and raw materials potential
The region has a great reserves of mineral and raw materials resources. There are fields of brown coal and kaolin, reserves of iron, copper, lead and zink, bismuth, lithium, asbestos, glass stuff, stuff for produce of cement and facing stone and others in its area.
There are also 88 deposits of natural and raw materials resources and 43 of them - under development, 45 – non-development and development of 2 deposits is considered unprofitable.
Reserves of precious minerals include following:
- iron in Western Spurs of Chatkal mountain range with capacity of 120 million ton of ore;
- copper in Kalmakir deposit with reserves of 18.1 million ton
- molybdenum with reserves of 220.4 thousand ton;
- lead and zink in Lashkarek and Kurgashin deposits with reserves of 240.7 thousand ton and 239.2 thousand ton accordingly;
- bismuth with reserves of 701.7 ton;
- lithium in Shavazsay deposit with reserves of 12.1 million ton;
- uranium with reserves of 18.2 thousand ton;
- silver in Kuchbulak and Kizilolmasay deposits with reserves of 13.5 thousand ton;
- coal in Angren, Shargun and Baysuntau deposits with reserves of 1 965.3 million ton;
- kaolin in Angren deposit with reserves of 1 338.2 million ton;
- asbestos Saricheqis deposit with probable reserves of 5 819 ton.
On the ground of aforesaid resources such spheres as fuel and energy, mechanical engineering, mining chemical, building materials industry and others got development in cities and districts of region.
2.4. Industrial potential
Tashkent region is a large industrial area of
In 2010 industrial outputs worth 4209.2 billion som have been produced, including consumer goods worth 1115.5 billion som that increased by 26.9% and 48.4% accordingly as against 2009. Region’s key industries are light industry (13.6% of total production capacity), food industry (15.3%) and chemical industry (12.7%), as well as building materials production (7.9%), mechanical engineering and metal working up (5.5%), fuel industry (2.4%).
Region’s power supply ensured by electric station of the
Almalyk mining and metallurgical plant, “Uzmetkombinat” joint-stock manufacturing company, Uzbek combine of refractory and heat-resistant metals are leading industries of country, which are produce main part of non-ferrous metals and metal roll.
Joint ventures - “Maxam-Chirchiq” PC in Chirchiq town and “Ammofos-Maxam” PC in Almalyk town are among key factories of country’s chemical industry, producing nitrogen and phosphoric fertilizers, as well as other chemical outputs.
The significant objective before industry is enhancement of extent of product’s technological processing and transfer from raw materials export to finished commodity export.
To date following light industry enterprises with contribution of foreign investments are operating:
- "POYANDOZ" JV, "UZTAFTING IMPEX" JV, "TUTKU KARPET" SC, "YUSUFBOSTANTEKSTIL" FC, "PRESTIJGILAM" JV (carpets production);
- “Bursel-Tashkent-Textile” JV, "DAESHINMEGATEX" FC, "BESA TEKSTIL" FC, "NIL TEKS SIRKETI" FC, "TAKRO-OSIYO" LLC, "TAKRO-SALE-FAYZ" LLC, "EVROKONSEPT" FC, "ARGE FASHION" FC (knitwork production);
- “PLASTEX” LLC, "KORAY TEKSTIL" JV, "SPENTEX TASHKENT TOYTEPA" FC (cotton yarn manufacture);
- "CHINOZ TUQIMACHI LTD" LLC (stockinet manufacture)
- "OSBORN TEXTILE" FC (terry-cloth manufacture).
Leading position on industrial manufacture holds by machinery building factories - “Uzbekkimyomash” PC and “Chirchiqkishmash” PC. They are produce outfits and component parts for gas and petrochemical industries, cotton seeding-machines, cultivators, picking machines as well as spare parts for agricultural manufacturing.
Building materials manufacture
Building materials manufacturing is also to develop in region. Factories of “Ahangarantsement” PC, “Ahangaranshifer” PC, “Bekabadtsement” PC, “Gazalkentoyna” JV and others are producing cement, roofing slate, ceramics, glass, brick, linoleum, ferroconcrete items and constructions.
2.5. Transportation and communication
There is the railway transport system connecting
The total length of highways of province are
The project of constructing a unique for
Electro connection, mail service, telecommunication (including cellular), special connection, state medical/forestry communication is functioning in
4 operators of cellular communication operate in the province "MTS-Uzbekistan", «Ucell», "Beeline" and "Uzmobile".
In 2010, all communication enterprises provided services in the amount of 53.4 billion soums.