1. Geographical location. Territory, climate
Syrdarya province borders with the
Syrdarya region was established on February 16, 1963. The province consists of 8 districts: Aqaltyn, Havast, Bayaut, Mehnatabad, Mirzaabad, Sayhunabad, Syrdarya, Sharaf Rashidov and 5 cities Baht, Gulistan, Syrdarya, Shirin, Yangier, as well as 5 settlements and 75 villages. Administrative center is Gulistan city, which
Climate of the region is sharply continental, arid and low-cloudy. Average annual temperature equal to 13-15 degrees above zero (C), peak temperature reaches to 45-47 degrees.
2. Social-economic development
Syrdarya region is one of the dynamically developing agrarian-industrial provinces of
Investments to main capital are increased, that prove forming basic funds of enterprises, placing new process lines and social facilities into operation. So, investments to main capital increased by six times within 2005-2010.
Economic growth of Syrdarya region simultaneously has been provided by development of building sector. Total volume of constructed facilities in production and social spheres were increased by over 3.5 times for past years.
Particular attention is driven to modernization and implementation of new projects in the field of infrastructure, building of motorway and railroads, high-voltage lines and other communications.
Taking into view the fact, that Syrdarya region is largest power supplier, within the framework of implementation of the program of most significant investment projects in Uzbekistan construction of overhead transmission line at capacity of 500 kilowatt from Syrdarya thermo-power station to Sogdiana electric substation with
Syrdarya province was formed on February 16th, 1963. The region consists of 8 districts: Akaltynsky, Bayautsky, Gulistan, Mirzaabadsky, Sayhunabadsky, Syrdarya, Sardobinsky, Khavast, of 3 cities of provinciall subordination: Gulistan, Shirin Yangiyer, 2 cities of district subordination: Bakht, Syr, 5 villages and 284 towns. The administrativecentre is Gulistan city, located in
The population of Syrdarya province is 725.7 thousand people.
2.1. Development of agrarian sector
Particular attention is focused to agricultural sphere, share of which in region’s GDP made up 60%. Cotton, grain, gardening and wine-growing, milk and meat products are groundwork of agrarian sector.
2.3. Mineral and raw materials potential
There are scanty reserves of natural and raw materials resources, which in general ensure the potential of building materials development, including:
- brick and tile stuff, reserves of which in Bayaut and Gulistan districts as well as Dmitrovskoe deposit makes up 9.2 million cubic meters. Reserves of Bayaut, explored in 1970 and at
- sand-gravel materials are available in Verhnovolinsk deposit of Sayhunabad district of region. Deposit has been explored in 1987 and at
- mineral groundwater available in Malek deposit of Syrdarya district at
2.4. Industrial potential
The main sectors of industry are power-engineering (53.6%), light industry (26.4%), food industry (11.7%), flour-and-cereals and feed mill industry (4.3%), building materials industry (26.4%).
For the past period intensive development of aforesaid fields enabled stable growth of industrial sector at average annual growth rate by 7%.
Significant role on economic development of region played by small-scale business, which to enhance own position year by year contributing to strength industrial and agricultural sectors. To 2010, number of small-scale enterprises and micro-firms in the
Small-scale business and private entrepreneurship hold not only essential position in region’s economics, but also serving as main source of providing domestic market with necessary goods and services, increasing incomes and welfare, as well as employment.
Share of small-scale business in total volume of industrial production of the region makes up 20.4%, consumer goods – 48.4%, building – 64.9%, retail turnover – 50.1%, paid services – 23.1%.
Syrdarya thermo-power station is largest electric station in
Textile industry. Syrdarya region is a large base of production of raw materials for textile industry.
As a result of processing of cultivated cotton-wool over 75.0 thousand ton of cotton yarn has bee manufacturing at the region’s cotton-cleaning plants. Now, due to available raw materials potential about 50 textile factories are operating in province, including, those which established with contribution of investors from Turkey, UAE, Great Britain and etc.
Silk industry. Development of silkworm breeding, which rapidly carried out for past period in our country is already giving its incomes.
To date over 80% of total volume of cocoon, manufacturing around Central Asia falls to
Over 20 thousand cocoons are produced in
Simultaneously with development of raw materials base of silkworm breeding stuff resources in the country the program of modernization of manufacture on producing filoselle and silks by attraction of foreign investments has been implementing.
Altogether, there are 14 large filatures and 6 silk-weaving mills of various property forms.
Within the next few years new high-end manufactures are projected to introduction in Syrdarya region too. It’s necessary to note, that available silkworm breeding farms of Bayaut, Aqaltyn and Sardoba districts are producing more than 500 ton of cocoons per year.
Processing of fruit and vegetable products. Uzbek fruit and vegetable sector to actively develop due to structured reforms and increase of farms.
Country’s fruit and vegetable potential is much exceeding current indicators. In this regard it is necessary to organize deep processing of grown fruit and vegetable products by manufacture compatible in foreign markets kinds of goods, for instance such as juices, jams, quick-frozen, sublimated and other dry fruits.
Syrdarya region is a largest resource for manufacture raw materials, which are used in fruit and vegetable processing industry.
More than 154.6 thousand ton of vegetables, 187 thousand ton of melon and gourds, 17 thousand ton of fruits, 7 thousand ton of grapes and 24.6 thousand ton of potatoes have been growing in region.
Meat and milki ndustry.For the purpose of development of meat and milk industry the address program on establishment of new and modernization of existed enterprises, which are producing meat and milk, as well as agricultural products has been designed and approved.
At that, on the whole on program within 2011-2012 launching of 223 new enterprises, which manufacturing meat and milk products, at total amount of over 29.0 million USD are planned. In particular, implementing of 8 projects worth 2.2 million USD projected in Syrdarya region. Among them - 3 projects meat process, production capacity of which will make up 1.2 thousand ton per year and 5 projects on milk process with capacity of 3.7 thousand ton per year.
According to Resolution by the President of the
Volume and forecast of meat and milk production in Syrdarya region for 2009-2015 (thousand ton)
Pharmaceutical industry. Pharmaceutical industry is among promising directions in Uzbek market for foreign investors and priority significance attached and all possible government support given to this sphere.
Uzbek pharmaceutical market capacity amounted to about 500 million USD and defines by sufficiently high growth rates. On the stipulation that domestic demand will be grow by 10-15% per year, the volume of market reach to about 1 billion USD in 10 years in comparable with current conditions prices, or exceed three times more.
Paper-carton manufacture. Need for paper and carton goods in
Tanning industry. Uzbek tanning industry to develop dynamically. On the whole, within 2009-2010 modernization has been conducted on 23 mills of “Uzbekcharmpoyabzali” Association, including on 10 footwear, 10 tanning and 3 ltanning and fancy factories.
Exportation of leather goods is developing due to taken measures. So, in 2009 the sector exported leather goods worth 6 million USD and in 2010 – worth about 12 million USD. According to forecasts by experts, the sector is planning to export leather stuff worth 14.2 million USD in 2011.
The main consumers of the leather goods are footwear producers of
Taking country’s raw materials source into view, need for primary processing has been satisfied. About 9 million pieces of skin gathered per year and nearly 30-40% of them are worked up at the mills of the country and as planned whole raw materials will be processed in local factories up to 2013.
It is necessary to note, that despite to dynamic development, the tanning sector along with primary leather stuff processing has a great potential for further attraction of investments to set manufactures of finishing leather commodities produce.
Wool processing. Another direction of the light industry development is wool manufacture. Annual capacity of wool producing in Syrdarya region reached to 200.0 thousand ton in 2009. Practically whole volume of manufactured stuff has been removing beyond the region. Establishment of mills on wool processing, worsted manufacture, producing carpets and thick woolen cloth are priority directions for attraction of investments to Syrdarya region.
Volume and forecast of wool production in Syrdarya region for 2009-2015 (thousand ton)
Building materials manufacture. Building materials production sector has been dynamically developing. It is necessary to note, that
Other significant directions are manufacture of roofing, wall and other facing materials.
2.5. Transportation and communication
The transport infrastructure of area is presented by a sophisticated network of rail and automobile roads. The general length of railways is 400 km, and highways with firm covering nearly 2 thousand km. Province’s territory is crossed by the main highway - Big Uzbek Track. All large enterprises have railway access roads. Intraregional transport communications have exits to neighboring states and through them - exits to large seaports.
Motor transportation and railway highways connecting area with all areas of
For residents and visitors Syrdarya region offer their services to theaters, parks, recreation, sports complexes, museums, cultural centers and libraries.
There are working 304 comprehensive schools, 4 academic lyceums, 48 vocational colleges and 1 high educational institution in Syrdarya region.
Here also number of health-protective institutions, in particular 41 hospitals, 222 ambulance stations and out-patients' clinics.
3.1. Foreign investments in the region
Foreign investments at the total amount of 22.4 million USD have been attracted to Syrdarya region in 2009 and in 2010 this indicator reached to 23.7 million USD.
3.2. Enterprises with contribution of foreign investments
“Ursa-Minor” JV, that established with contribution of the Turkish partners. Total investment volume - 1.6 million USD. Daily capacity of processing and drying of fruits makes up 30 tons. The main part of production isexported.
“JMP International” JV, that established with contribution of Canadian and British partners and oriented to produce fruit juices. Here processing 24 ton of fruit sauce for an hour. Three kinds of finished goods are manufactured. Thevolumeofinvestmentmakesupabout 5 millionUSD.
“Inter milk” LLC cattle-breeding complex that established within “Haqiqat” water consumers association in Syrdarya district meant for keeping of 1000 heads of cattle. The investment volume makes up 5 million USD.
“JMP International” JV that established with contribution of Canadian and British partners is going to put milk-processing shop into operation.
“Novopharma Plus”, “Universal-Pharma” and “Pharm Glass”JVs are producing wide range of injection and infusion solutions, medications in the form of dry powdered antibiotics and pills, bandaging materials, medical glassware and ampoules.
Uzbek-Russian-British “Reka Med Pharm” JV on producing solutions of glucose (5 and 10%) and sodium chloride (0.9%) in scent-bottles with capacity of 200 and 400 ml. Plant’s productive capacity makes up 10.5 million scent-bottles per year. Issues of further enhancement of mill are considering.
Uzbek-Chinese “Asl qogoz” JV on manufacturing paper out of agricultural production wastes as cotton-plant stalk and wheat straw. Worth of whole project estimated of 21 million USD, 4 million USD of which are direct investments.
Uzbek-Chinese “Peng Sheng” JV worth 26 million USD. Productive capacity of new manufacture makes up 4 million square meters of ceramic tiles per year. On September, 2010 the new integrated production complex on producing tanning and footwear goods has been put into operation on the ground of “Peng Sheng” company. On established production facilities of Syrdarya region since on achieving production capacity in 2011-2012 is planned to process 600 thousand pieces of cattle skin, produce 400 thousand pairs of shoes. The new company is going to export at least 70% of its goods.