1. Geographical location, territory, climate
The province borders with the
The province includes following 8 districts: Kanimekh, Kyzyltepa, Navbakhor, Karmana, Nurata, Tamdyn, Uchkuduk, Khatyrcha and following 6 cities: Zarafshan, Karmana, Kyzyltepa, Navoi, Nurata and Uchkuduk; there are also 8 urban-type villages and 53 villages.
The administrative center of the province is Navoi city which was named in honor of the Uzbek poet and philosopher, scientist and statesman Alisher Navoi. City, located in the Zarafshan river valley, was built using a general layout plan in 1960’s.
The territory of the region is 110,0 thousand sq km, (it occupies 24,7% of the
The north-western part of the province is occupied with Kyzylkum plateau; Nurata mountainous ridges stretch in the east and the south of the province is fringed with
The climate of the province is sharply continental and arid; summer is dry and hot, winter is relatively cold and snowless.
In ancient times, the territory of the province was trespassed with important trade routes such as the Great Silk Road from
The Sogdian civilization which is one of the most ancient world civilizations was born in the
3. Social and economic development
The volume of gross regional product of the province for year 2010 amounted to 3276,6 billion soums (1997,9 million US dollars). Highest volume of GRP accounts to following sectors such as industry - 53.5%, construction - 5.6%, agriculture - 12.6%,trade - 4.4%., transport and communications -5,9%.
Consumers goods were produced in amount of 231,5 billion soums (141,2 million US dollars) in 2010, growth rate amounted to 115% as compared with 2009. Food products constitute 39.4% and light industry products comprise 11.3% in the structure of consumer goods.
Main purpose of economic reforms implemented in
Quantity of small and private enterprises is 14.6 thousand units; and they account to 34,2% of GRP of the province.
As of January 1, 2011, the population of the province amounted to 864,2 thousands including 358,7 òûñ. thousand people residing in cities and 505,5 thousand people living in rural areas. Average age of the population reaches 26,1 years.
The employed population of the province constitutes 531,2 thousand or 74,7% of able-bodied population. 64.1% of the employed population is workers and employees of enterprises and organizations, 18.8% is employed in agricultural production, 7,2% - in small business, 8,5% constitutes the able-bodied student youth.
Quantity of unemployed population amounts to 1,4% of the able-bodied population.
3.2. Banking and financial system
The insurance sector of the province is represented with “Uzbekinvest” National Company of Export and Import Insurance; “Madad”, “Agrasugurta”, “Kafolat”, ”Alfa Invest”, ”Alskom” insurance agencies.
3.3. Development of agrarian sector
Main sectors of agriculture are cotton-growing, grain-growing, vegetable growing, melon and gourd cultivation, viticulture, astrakhan sheep breeding and silkworm breeding.
110 thousand tons of raw cotton, 247,2 thousand tons of grain as well as 421 thousand tons of fruit and vegetable products including more than 149 thousand tons of vegetables, 42 thousand tons of potatoes, about 46 tons of grapes, 61 thousand tons fruits and 42 thousand tons of melons and gourds are being grown in the province annually. Approximately 20% of total amount of fruits and vegetables is processed.
The share of production of agricultural products in total volume of production of the country amounted to 4,1% for grain, 5,2% for vegetables, 2.1% for potatoes, 6,1% for melons and gourds, 3,8,4% for fruits, 9,1,6% for grapes and 41,5% karakul fur.
More than 500 thousand pieces of karakul fur are produced each year in the province. The province ranks the second place after
Total land area constitutes 10.9 million hectares, area of agricultural lands amounts to 10.1 million hectares including 10 million hectares of pasture lands, irrigated areas comprise 91.6 thousand hectares with their portion being 0.9%.
There are more than 7 522 farm enterprises in the province.
3.4. Minerals and raw materials potential
The province possesses rich minerals and raw materials resources. Minerals and raw materials resources of the province are described with availability of such fields as Muruntau gold-bearing field, silica sand fields (of more than 1.5 billion tons), deposits of granite (1.9 billion cubic meters) and marble (420.0 million cubic meters) as well as phosphorites (1.5 billion tons), precious and rare-earth metals, bentonitic clay, basalts, kaolin rocks, limestones, dolomites, wollastonites and feldspar.
One of the most important types of non-metallic raw materials is silica sands. Jeroy, Aydaly and Kulatay silica fields are most thoroughly explored.
There are detected more than 50 occurrences of kaolin rocks on the territory of the
Deposits of slate coal, dolomitic limestones are explored in the province; extraction of feldspar in Lyangar field which deposits constitute 9.2 million tons is made. There are also a Lyavlyakan salt field located in Kanimekh district and a Tuzkuduk salt field in Uchkuduk district.
Limestones reserves constitute 43.3 million tons according to Categories À+Â+Ñ1 and 2.2 million tons according Category Ñ2 in the province.
Such fields of building semi-precious stones such as Gazgan and Nurata marble fields, Lyangar and Karasoy granite and gabbro fields, Azlartal and Karasoy fields of granite for facing materials and wollastonites fields are in the province.
Phosphorites fields such as Jeroy-Sardar, Janakhmet and Tashkura stand out with high content of Ð2Î5.
Main basalts field is Aydarkul in the province, one section of which has been explored and its deposits are estimated in amount of 1.9 million cubic meters.
3.5. Industrial potential
The share of the regional industrial production in total republican production amounts to 11,2%.The economy of the province is based on such industrial enterprises as Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combinate, chemical industry enterprises (Open Joint Stock Company “Navoiazot”, Uzbek-Panamanian Joint Venture Joint Stock Company “Electrokhimzavod”), enterprises producing construction materials (Joint Stock Company “Kyzylkumcement”, Joint Stock Company “UPP”), machinery-building and electrochemical factories, a hydroelectric power plant (Open Joint Stock Company “Navoi TES”), enterprises of textile and food industries.
In total, 1147 enterprises function in the province with annual production output of more than 1304.2 billion soums (795.2 million US dollars).
Industrial enterprises of the province produce more than 50 types of important industrial products such as ammonia nitrate (70% of overall republican production), nitronic fiber (100%), sulfuric acid (25.4%), protective chemicals for plants (100%), ammonia sulfate (1%), cement (44.8%), precast reinforced concrete products (4.2%), cotton fiber (3.5%), hosiery (1%) and knitwear (0.5%) products, jewelry products (56%), walling materials (6%), foodstuff such bakery products (2.4%), meat and meat products (2.1%), confectionery products (1.3%) and bear (2.6%).
Uzbek-British Joint Venture “Amantaytau-Goldfields” also functions in the province; it processes oxidized and sulfide ores of Amantaytau Field and produces more than 7.5 tons of gold.
Production of Building Materials
Open Joint Stock Company “Kyzylkumcement” is the biggest cement producer in the country and is one of leading enterprises in the province; its design capacity comprises 3.08 million tons of cement per year.
The accomplishment until 2011 of the reconstruction of the existing capacities and building of the fourth technological line for production of cement that would increase production capacity of the enterprise up to 4.08 million tons per year is planned.
Such enterprises as Subsidiary Enterprise “Karrara-mramor” and Private Production Firm “Nuratamramor” where marble slabs are cut and polished using Italian technology also function in the province. Raw materials base is the multi-colored Gazgan marble which has 22 colors and about 200 various color tones and which obtained its international recognition.
Uzbek-Panamanian Joint Venture Closed Joint Stock Company “Electrokhimzavod” also functions in the province and it is the only specialized enterprise in
Following light industry enterprises perform activity for production of cotton and knitwear products:
- Uzbek-Liechtenstein Joint Venture “Baxtextile” and turkish foreign enterprise „Navbaxotextile“ in the production of cotton yarn;
- Production Commercial Firm “Agama” which is a state knitting factory at NMMC specializing in production of upper knitted garments and socks;
- Uzbek-Russian Joint Venture “Velan” for production of quilted blankets made of silk, cotton fabric with camel's hair padding, camel's hair medical belts and sleeping sacks.
3.6. Transport infrustructure and communication
Infrastructure of transport communications is well developed in the province: there are 8 railway and 9 automobile stations, 2 airports and developed network of automobile roads in the province. Length of railways constitutes
Tashkent-Turkmenistan and Tashkent-Uchkuduk-Nukus-Kazakhstan railway lines trespass the territory of the province.
There are telecommunications, telephone communication (including cellular) in the province; 75 telephone stations function. Cellular communications services are rendered by following 5 operators: “MTS-Uzbekistan, “Beeline”, “Coscom” (U-Cell), “PerfectumMobile” and “Uzmobile”.
The first stage of a cargo terminal with an annual volume of 100.0 thousand tons of cargo traffic of International freight intermodal logistics hub in
3.7. Social infrustructure and recreational services
Navoi State Pedagogical University, Navoi Institute of Mines, 362 secondary schools, 57 lyceums, 4 specialized sport and musical schools function in Navoi province. There are more than 120 clubs, 300 libraries and 2 museums in the province.
Navoi city is planted well with greenery; it has a lot of umbrageous squares with fountains. There are no dull squat outskirts and repeated typical projects creating monotonous constructions of residential districts in the city.
Zarafshan and Uchkuduk cities in the
4. Investment Potential
Total volume of investments amounted to 1611.7 billion soums (982.7million
Volume of foreign investments per capita amounted to 325.3 US dollars.
4.1. Foreign investment enterprises
50 foreign investment enterprises function on the territory of Navoi province; most of these enterprises are concentrated in Navoi, Zarafshan cities and Karmanan district which are established with 23 participation of investors for USA, Republic of Korea, UAE, Panama, China, Russia, Ukraine, Singapore and others. These enterprises perform activity in following sectors:7 enterprises in chemical industry, 7 enterprises in production of building materials, 2 enterprises in nonferrous metallurgy, 5 enterprises in machinery building, 2 enterprises in electronic industry, 2 enterprises in food industry, 10 enterprises in light industry, 6 enterprises in trade and 3 enterprise in agriculture.
Total volume of products produced by foreign investment enterprises amounted to 107.8 billion soums (65.7 million US dollars) in 2010. The highest volume of products produced is attributed to enterprises producing marketable goods products.
Volume of exported products by foreign investment enterprises reached 38.1 million US dollars in 2010.