1. Geograpgical location. Territory, climate
Fergana province is located in the
The province territory is 6,8 thousand sq. km, or 1,5 % of territory of the republic. The general length of the border is
The province includes 15 districts: Altyaryksky, Ahunbabaevsky,
The climate is continental with mild winters and hot summers.
2. Historical excurcus
Margelan, being one of the most ancient cities of the Central Asia and, particularly of
For a long time
In the history and culture of the Central Asia Fergana valley always played a considerable role. So, the messages about the
There is an expression in the East: the new governor is a new coin. It is also possible to tell it like this: the new governor is a new palace. In a rough history of
In fifty kilometres from
3. Economic development
In 2010 the volume of gross regional product (GRP) in
In 2010 industrial outputs worth 2712.1 billion som (1695.1 million USD) have been produced in the region. On the outcomes of 2010 region’s foreign trade turnover reached to 921.7 million USD, including export – 450.8 million USD.
Forming of the market infrastructure is going on in region. About 42 thousand organizations, enterprises and managing entities engaged on economical activity.
Up to January 1, 2011, the number of region’s population makes up 3 million 128.5 thousand people and 58% of them live in rural areas, 42% - in urban areas. There are representatives of over 60 nations in region. Density of population – 457 person per square kilometer.
Up to January 1, 2011 the number of manpower resources reached to 1760.0 thousand people and 1340.4 thousand or 76.2% of them employed in economics.
There are 9 cities, 197 settlements of city type, 1020 rural settlements in the territory of province.
3.2. Banking and Financial System
There are operating 74 commercial banks’ branches, 203 mini-banks’ branches, special-purpose cashiers, 13 credit unions and 3 micro-credit companies in the region.
Credits to the amount of 476.9 billion som (298.1 million USD) allocated by commercial banks in 2010.
3.3. Development of agrarian sector
Agrarian sector has a vital importance for region’s economics.
In 2010 agricultural gross product made up 1281.3 billion som (800.8 million USD) and growth rate reached to 106.5% as against same period of previous year. Farm products makes up about 64.2% and cattle breeding products – 35.8%.
Favorable climatic conditions in
Over 280 thousand ton of cotton, 650 thousand ton of grain, as well as fruit and vegetables, in particular 100 thousand yon of potato, 310 thousand ton of vegetables, 160 thousand ton of fruits, 24 thousand ton of melons and gourds, 44 thousand ton of grapes raising in Fergana region per year.
In the field of cattle breeding over 98 thousand ton of meat, 580 thousand ton of milk, 110 million pieces of eggs, 630 ton of wool and 2 million ton of cocoon producing per year.
There are operating 12 enterprises on working up fruit and vegetables, manufacturing tomato paste, fruit juices, dried fruits, canning fruit and vegetables in the region.
3.4. Mineral and Raw materials potential
The region has reserves of oil, gas, ozokerite, sulfur, gypsum, lime stone, dolomite, marble, sand, gravel, granite,
Oil deposits located at the southern part of region – at the Beshariq district and northern part of the region.
The main gas reserves are at the
Reserves of Ozokerite, which used for production of sulfur, asphalt, bitumen located at the Shorsu community of
Gypsum fields are at the Quvasay, Shorsu and Chimyon hills.
There are marble reserves at the Shakhimardan, Soh and Quvasay.
Clay, raw materials for produce brick, cement, ceramics and tile are available at the Vadil community of Quvasay district, as well as Rishtan, Kopchugay, Soh and Avval hills.
Subsurface mineral waters used both for drinking and medical purposes are available at the
There are sand and sand-stone, used for produce glass at the Altyariq,
Detritus, used for produce concrete available at the coasts of Shkhimardan and Isfaramsay (Quvasay) rivers.
3.5. Industrial potential
There are 43 largest enterprises engaged on industrial activity in the region. Total capacity of industrial manufacture in 2010 made up 2712.1 billion som (1695.1 million USD), 100% of which produced by non-governmental sector.
Oil and gas, textile, chemical, silk, energy, fat-and-oil, as well as building materials production are more developed sectors of industry. Such industrial outputs as equipments for petroleum-refining, gas, textile industry, silk and cotton fabrics, clothes and footwear manufactured in region. Number of thermo-power stations is operated. Factory on manufacture the national ceramic ware working in Rishtan town.
Oil and gas industry
Fergana oil-refinery, which was established in 1958, is one of the key factories in
The enterprise is producing 45 sorts of petroleum-products, including light oil (petroleum solvent, kerosene and gasoline), fuel (petroleum fuel, boiler oil, diesel oil and jet fuel), oil (engine oil and turbine oil), bitumen, cokes and lubricants. In 2000 reconstruction of factory was finished by Japanese “Mitsui” and “Toyo Engineering” with the object of ensuring the light oil quality according to world standards and improving environmental conditions. The volume of financing the project made up over 200.0 million USD.
Another chemical enterprise is
“Koqand superphosphate plant” PC – is one of the first chemical industries of the country, which has been placed into operation in 1935. The company oriented to produce mineral fertilizers for agriculture and superphosphates.
There is also operating “Ferganaazot” PC in region, which is exclusive manufacturer of cellulose acetate in CIS and one of the largest producers of chlorate-magnesium defoliant and natrium chlorate.
Processing of fruit and vegetable products
There are operated 12 enterprises in region engaged on fruit and vegetable products processing. Over 70 fruit and vegetable products are working up in these plants per year. For instance, more than 100 kinds of goods, including canned fruits and vegetables, juices and fruit pastes producing at the enterprises of “MC Food processing Co. LTD” JV, “Mega Dry” JV, “T.Butaev” farm, “Fayzli Adirabod mevalari”, “APC Uzbegim” and “Valley mountains fresh” agricultural firms, “Kokand spirt” JSC (alcohol production).
Building materials production
“Quartz” JSC – one of the top-ranked companies in
For over 33-year history “Quartz” JSC run up to one of the largest plants of country and 2006 it has been awarded ISO-9001 certificate of conformance of the management system quality.
3.6. Transportation and communication
The structure of transport communications is well developed in the province. The length of used tracks makes
Over 81.5 million ton of cargo and 466 million passengers have been conveyed by carrier companies in 2010.
International chartered flights to Sharjah,
Mobile telecommunication services are also developed in region. Provincial branches of “MTS-Uzbkekistan”, “Usell”, “Beeline”, “Uzmobile” and “Perfectum Mobile” cell phone operators working in Fergana and Koqand cities.
3.7. Social infrustructure
There are 5 higher educational institutions in the province. The Fergana State university, the Fergana polytechnical institute, the branch of the Tashkent institute of an informational technology, the branch of the Tashkent medical Academy, Kokand teacher training institute, 919 comprehensive schools, 866 institutions of preschool education, 144 professional colleges and 12 academic.
In the sphere of culture there are also 1599 libraries, 176 clubs, 12 museums, 4 theatres, 1 Philharmonic, 9 culture and recreational parks which favors intellectual development of population of province.
The special attention pays for development of physical culture and sport. There are 46 stadiums, 27 swimming pools, 104 courts and other sport institutions.
Fergana region attracts visitors from various world countries due to its beautiful environment, hospitality, great national traditions and historical sightseeing. Among them it’s necessary to note complex of “Jamiy” (the Mosque and Madrasah), home-museum of Muqimiy in
There have been built hotels, which meet the requirements and standards at the level of 4 star hotels. These are “Asia- Fergana”, “Hotel-
4. Investment potential
4.1. Foreign investments in region
Total volume of investments reached to 934.7 billion Uzbek som (584.2 million USD) including foreign investments worth 97.1 million USD (17% of total investment volume) were attracted in 2010.
Light, chemical, petroleum industry and agriculture are promising directions of cooperation.
Assessed requirement on foreign investments volume makes up 1.5 billion USD.
National regulations, which envisage granting conditions for foreign investors no less favorable than relevant conditions for investments, attracting by Uzbek legal and physical entities have been established in
Companies, which attracting foreign direct investments and located in rural areas of Fergana region, as well as engaged on such spheres of economics as manufacture of radio-electronic outputs and component parts for computer techniques, light, silk and building materials industry, building materials production, chicken-meat and eggs production, food, meat and milk, chemical and pharmaceutical industry are exempts from income tax, property tax, infrastructure and area development tax, single tax for micro-firms and small-scale enterprises, as well as obligatory assessments to National road fund on principal activity.
Aforesaid tax remissions are granted at following volume of foreign private direct investments:
- from300 thousandUSDto 3 millionUSD– foratermof 3 years;
At that, aforesaid tax remissions are administered on following terms:
- carrying out of direct foreign private investments by foreign investors without guaranties of Uzbek government;
- share of foreign contributors in authorized capital stock of company must be no less 50 percent;
- attraction of direct foreign private investments after state registration of aforesaid enterprises;
- attraction of foreign investment in a form of hard currency or modern technologic outfit;
- assigning if income, derived as a result of granting aforesaid remissions within the term of their administration to reinvestment for purpose of further development of company.
4.2. Enterprises with contribution of foreign investment
There are operated 97 enterprises with contribution of foreign investment from such countries as
Up to January 1, 2011, authorized fund of these enterprises exceeded 161,7 million USD, 115.6 million out of which – foreign investors share.
The volume of production of goods, works and services of enterprises with contribution of foreign investment makes up 480.4 billion Uzbek som (300.2 million USD).