1. Geographical location, territory, climate
Province includes 11 districts: Alat, Bukhara, Vabkent, Gijduvan, Jondor, Kagan, Karakul, Karaulbazar, Peshku, Romitan and Shafirkan.
City of Bukhara located in the southwest of Bukhara Province is the administrative centre with population of 270.0 thousand people.
Territory of the province is represented by the desert plain with some hills.
Climate of the province is sharp continental with severe winters, and hot and dry summers. There 300 sunny days a year in average.
2. Historical excursus
City of Bukhara has a rich 2500-year history. City was first mentioned by Chinese travelers in II century B.C.
Narshakhi, historian of X century, who was born in
Natural resources of the
In 329 B.C. the
Arabs, who took over
Arabs started introducing the religion of Islam by force, which, in turn, caused popular revolts. One of the biggest revolts of that time under leadership of Khashim-ben-Khakim (Muqanna), so called “Movement of People in White”, was also suppressed.
Samanids, large landowners from
In X century
In early XIII century wealth of
In 1595 the new dynasty of Ashtrakhanids named after the Astrakhan Khans started ruling the Bukhara Khanate. By the end of this dynasty’s rule (XVII century) the Bukhara Khanate lost its economic and cultural importance.
In 1740 Nadir, King of Persia undertook the campaign against
In 60-70s of the XIX century the Tsarist government of
On September 2, 1920 the Bukhara People’s Revolution broke out, and, as a result, the Bukhara People’s
3. Social economic development
Type of the province’s economic development is agricultural and industrial, share of agriculture in gross regional product of the province is equal to 29.6%, and industry’s share – more than 18%. Tendency of reducing share of the agricultural complex in the GRP and growth of industrial and services share is observed.
External trade turnover in 2010 amounted to USD 639.7 million (197.1% against 2009), including exports – USD 336.9 million (166.4% against 2009) and imports of USD 322.6 million (240% against 2009).
Foreign investments and loans in total amount of USD 866.8 million, including foreign direct investments in amount of USD 861.1 milllion and government guaranteed investments in amount of USD 5.7 million were attracted in 2010.
the small business sphere and all necessary conditions including preferences and privileges in accordance with national legislation currently in force are created.
There are 2 big cities in the province – Bukhra and Kagan. Population of the City of Bukhara is 270.0 thousands and that of Kagan is 55.9 thousands.
3.2. Banking and financial systems
13 banks which funded loans in amount of UZS 366.5 billion (USD 222.1 million) in 2010, including UZS 127.0 billion (USD 76.9 billion) in small and private entrepreneurship operate in Bukhara Province.
In addition, 4 state insurance companies function in the province.
3.3. Development in agricultural sector
Share of agriculture in the GRP in 2010 amounted to 29.6%. Agricultural production is territorially differentiated into two districts: south and catlle-farming north.
Cotton and grain farming are the leading branches of crop production. Nearly 150 thousand tons of fruits, 354 tons of vegetables, 79 thousand melons and gourds, 99 thousand tons of grapes are produced annually. Nowadays only 45 percent of produced fruits and vegetables are processed. 342 thousand tons of cotton and 620 thousand tons of grain were produced in 2010.
Taking into account the arid plain-and-steppe nature of the territory, a cattle farming is widely developed in the province. Leather processing and production of finished leather goods have the significant potential. Bukhara Karakul is world-famous. More than 333,3 thousand pieces of Karakul skins and 2775,5 tons of wool are annually procured in the province.
5 agricultural processing enterprises function in the province. JV “Agromir Bukhara”, JV “Gala River”, JV “Bukhara-Aliyans” and JSC “Shakhrud” are the largest among them.
3.4. Mineral and raw materials potential
Bukhara Province has substantial natural resources, and there is nearly 31 resource deposits in the province, of which 19 deposits are currently developed. Rich deposits of natural gas, oil, graphite, bentonites, marble, granite, gypsum, sulfur, limestone and raw materials for construction materials were discovered on the terrritory of the province.
There are deposits of the following natural resources in the province:
- gas and condensate – 360.6 billion cubic m and 2,104 thousand tons in Qalat and Karaulbazar Rayons;
- petroleum – 9,119 thousand tons in Karaulbazar district;
- technical salt – 100 thousand tons in Alat district;
- crushed stone and crushed solution – 375 thousand cubic ì in Kagan and Shafirkan districts;
- gypsum – 46.3 thousand tons;
- limestone – 21,100 thousand tons;
- quartz – 35,900 thousand tons;
- graphite –805.9 thousand tons.
3.5. Industrial potential
29 large industrial enterprises function in the province: Bukhara Oil Refinery (oil processing), Foreign Interprices “DAEWOO Textile Bukhara” (textile industry), JSC “Shakhrud” (alcohol production), JV “Bukharagyps” (gypsum production), JV “Uzcarpet”, JV “Bukharagilam”, JV “Textile Spectrum Colors” JSC “Kogonyog’”, JSC “Bukhorodon” (production of foodstuffs). In 2010 industrial enterprises produced goods in amount of UZS 1376.5 billion or more than USD 834 million, which exceeds the 2009 indicator by 110,3%.
Textile industry, agricultural sector, torism industry, construction, transport and communications development are the most promising branches.
Oil and Gas Industry
The province is one of the large areas of fuel-energy industry of
Bukhara Oil refinery which processes 2.5 million tons of oil and condensed gas annually functions in this province.
Bukhara Oil refinery produces high quality gasoline, black oil, aviation kerosene and other oil products. The enterprise’s products are exported to foreign countries.
Bukhara cotton is an excellent raw material for textile industry. 106.7 thousand tons of cotton fiber were produced in this province in 2010. Currently only 36% cotton fiber are processed in the province’s enterprises.
Production of Construction Materials
Mineral and raw materials base of the province consists of 31 deposit, of which 19 are under development. These include the graphite, capstone, limestone, mortar sand and brick-and-tile raw stock deposits.
Mineral Resources of
Gypsum produced in the province is considered as the one of the best in the world by its quality. Joint Uzbek-German Venture “Bukhorogyps” functions here, and also foreign enterprise “Knauf gyps Bukhara” is created.
3.6. Transport infrastructure and communication
A-380 and M-37 highways cross the province’s territory and link Iran, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan with Uzbekistan. Total length of highways is equal to 3994 km, including 3557 km are asphalt roads. In 2010 volume of freight traffic by motor transport amounted to 1242.9 million tons/km.
Infrastructure of the City of Bukhara meets international standards, including the recently reconstructed world class airport. And also according to degree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan passenger terminal of airport is constrcting in Bukhara city.
3.7. Social infrastructure and recreation services
There are 75 hospitals, 457 policlinics, 127 clubs, 12 museums, 2 theaters, 31 school of musics and arts, 7 recreation parks and 1 natural reserve in Bukhara Province.
There are 443 preschool institutions, 541 general secondary schools and 88 academic lyceums and vocational colleges, 3 higher education institutions in the education sphere, which train highly qualified specialists for food, oil-gas, light industries and medicine.
There are a Theater named after S.Ayniy, puppet show, amusement parks, recreation area as well as the Resort and Recreatin Center named after Sitori Mohikhosa”, 10 sports complexes, 12 museums, libraries and movie theaters in the province.
26 stadiums, 48 sports schools for children and teenagers, 6 swimming pools function in this province. There are total of 3436 sports facilities in the province.
More then 1511.3 km of gas and more then 1521.4 km of water pipeles were commissioned for operation in Bukhara Province during the period from 2000 to 2008. 96% of the province population are connected to power supply.
There are total of 997 historical and architectural monuments in the province, and among them are world-famous ones such as Samanids’ Mausoleum, Kalyan Minaret and Mosque, Ark Fortress, Lyabi-Khauz Ensemble, Sitorai Mokhi Khosa – summer residence of the Bukhara Emir, Chor Bakr Complex, Ulugbek’s Madrassah, and Chor Minor, which are masterpieces of the world culture.
Currently there are 46 hotels and 13 tourist firms functioning in this province. Nearly 81 thousand foreign tourists visit Bukhara annually.