Investment opportunities / By Industry

Tourism

Sector development status.

More than 1 million tourists, including 463,400 international tourists, which is 5.4% more compared with 2010, have been served by Uzbek tourism sector in 2011.

"Uzbektourism" NC board has summarized tourism sector development results for first half of 2012.

During first half of 2012, total number of tourists has increased by 12.8% compared to the same period of 2011, serving foreign tourists - by 4.1%, domestic tourism - by 20.7%, tourist services volume - by 59.8%.

 Tourism services exports reached 74.0 million U.S. dollars or 131.3% to the assigned task. Growth rate was 31.8% to the corresponding period of 2011.

Carrently, 1006 organizations are operating in Uzbek tourism sector. Of them, 506 are tour operators and 500 hospitality  establishments[1].

Special attention is also paid to provide necessary conditions for cooperation expansion with foreign partners and to develop domestic tourism. A number of marketing project as Mega-info-tours are organizing by Uzbektourism NC to more widely present our countrys tourism potential and to increase tourists numbers. Close cooperation with more than two hundred travel agencies in countries such as Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, France, China, Japan is established.

Target parameters for the further development.

Currently, in accordance with Program of targeted measures on tourism development and tourism services export potential increase in the regions in 2011-2012, works on route, infrastructure development, project documentation preparation, land allocation, hotels construction completion and other measures for regions  tourism potential development are carried out by responsible local authorities. Within their frameworks the following is planned:

- construction of new hotel complex with all necessary amenities   (2390 rooms)  in regions;

-  modernization of hotel buildings (1361 rooms) and new furniture procurement;

-  restaurants and other entertainment centers construction and reconstruction; 

-  procurement of modern tourist buses;

- investments attraction (over 230.0 million U.S. dollars) to for tourism and its infrastructure development.

Moreover, its planned to expand scope of work to make  advertising shots to show the countrys cultural and historical heritage and tourism potential. In particular, leading TV channels and television companies around the world are planned to be engaged to this project within cooperation agreements with foreign mass media. Videos prepared with their assistance will be shown to international audiences.

Efforts are taken to promote the countrys  tourist potential; this includes include necessary information  on camp sites , recreation areas, resorts, sanatorium-resort, therapeutic, sport and health, recreation and ecotourism organizations and institutions activities in the region are ongoing.

Today the countrys most prospective tourism areas are as follows:

Sports tourism. Uzbek mountains are attractive to those who love active recreations such as mountain climbing, mountaineering and rock climbing fans. Chimgan mountains with Bolshoy (Big) Chimgan peak, which is nearly 3309 m high is the countrys most popular mountain area. This area is the beginning of many alpine trails, hiking trails, rock climbing, horse riding trails, ski slopes.

Popular rafting river route is Chatkal river that is flowing into Charvak water storage basin and has several difficulty categories rifts.

Baysuntau range with Boy-Bullock deep caves (amplitude of 1415 m), Festival-Ledopadnaya (-580 m), Urals (-565 m), KievCave (-990 m) at Kyrktau plateau; Zaydman cave (-506 m) in Chatkal range and others are of cavers interest.

Winter tourism. It should be emphasized that climate in Uzbek mountains isare distinguished by "warm", but rather sharp continental , thatwhich is an important detail for skiing fans, as slope is "holding ski" here and you dont need to sharpen skis edges. If its getting too frosty in the night, then, anyway, the flank will get "loosen" in the morning. In general, temperatures below 20 degrees are rare here.

Winter recreations in Uzbek mountains take place in Chimgan and Beldersay. Several modern hotel-like recreational centers, hotels and hostels are located here.

Scientific tourism.   Annual migration of more than 400 species of birds allows to arrange scientific excursions for local and foreign ornithologists in "Aydarkul" lake that in Farish district in Jizzakh region. Moreover its a great opportunity to conduct "Avicenna" festival, which includes medicinal plants and folk remedies exhibition, -unconventional treatment methods presentation, master classes on medicinal products preparation from natural plants, as well as "Ancient Khorezm culture" festival in which national games, "Lazgi" dance of 17 kinds, population historical and cultural life scenarios performances are carried out.

Ecotourism. Attractive for ecotourism fans unique nature, landscapes (steppes, deserts, mountains, plateaus), various rare flora and fauna species, globally significant archaeological, paleontological remains, rare geological deposits, numerous nature monuments are existing in Uzbekistan.

The countrys fauna is represented by 97 herbivore species, 424 bird species, 58 reptile species and 83 fish species. 24 herbivore species, 48 bird species, 10 reptile species, 18 fish species and 78 invertebrate species of them are included to the "Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan". As for the flora, according to the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, country has more than 4,100 species of plants today. Of these more over 3,000 are top wilding, and 9% endemic plants.

One of the factors of environmental stability in Uzbekistan are the ecosystems which did not experience strong man made impact and preserved self-recovery ability. Protected areas system in Uzbekistan covers 5.57% of country and includes 9 state preserve parks, 2 national parks, 9 nature reserves and 2 state natural monuments.

Republic of Karakalpakstan, whose central part is located in the Amu Darya rivers delta is of special interest for ecotourism. Adjacent to it Kyzyl Kum desert in the east, Ustyurt plateau in the west and Aral Sea residuals in the north are forming a truly  unique landscape.

Advantages.

Favorable climatic conditions.Uzbekistan, being a warm and sunny country, has unique climatic conditions, compared to other Central Asia countries. Average annual temperature in Tashkent is 5-8 degrees higher than in Almaty (located 808 km north-east of Tashkent) in Kazakhstan and 8-10 degrees lower than in the Ashgabat (located 1294 km to the south -west of Tashkent)in Turkmenistan.

Temperate climate and the availability of water resources are contributing to Uzbek land fertility. For instance, Tien Shan and Pamir mountain ranges that are barren steppe and deserts are alternated with oases, where cotton, figs, rice and grape are cultiveted. Green plains are surrounded by mountain ranges, covered with eternal snow. Many streams and rivers are flowing down from mountains, merging into Amu Darya and Syr Darya major rivers in Central Asia.

Kyzyl Kum desert fauna includes many rare wildlife species. In turn, Kyzylkum Reserve, located in Amudarya riperien forests is an attractive natural park with many valuable species. "Djeyran" eco-center, located 40 km south to Bukhara is of no little interest. Here experts are engaged in endangered and rare animal species rehabilitation.

Aydar lake picturesque lakesides and other water bodies are traditionally comfortable places for recreational fishing. In addition, tourists can ride on camels and engage in other romantic activities, that creates nomads life representation.

Uzbek people hospitality. Uzbek people always welcome guests with warmth and cordiality. Since ancient times country was considered as a bridge between countries and nations, a crossroad for ancient caravan routes as well as  a meeting place of  languages, cultures and civilizations .

Unique sights.Uzbekistan is a country ofgreatest cities , where you can see hundreds ancient and unique architectural monuments created in various periods. Many cities such as Bukhara, Tashkent, Samarkand, Shahrisabz, Karshi, Khiva, Termez and Kokand have centuries and millenniums history. They lived and worked in the Greatest East thinkers and masters, invaluably contributed to culture, art and science development each in his time was lived and worked in that cities.

These cities were part of powerful states, as well as most important points for caravan trade along the Silk Road in ancient times. More than 4000 architectural and archeological monuments are located in the country and four of them are incribed to UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list.


[1]According to the Ministry of Economy of Uzbekistan

Historical cities of Uzbekistan

Ancient Samarqand is the treasure of the world Islam architecture and culture, up-to-date industrial and scientific center

Late East Renaissance appeared in the Central Asia in the period connected with the name of the prominent statesman Amir Temur. In XIV century Amir Temur created a strong centralized state, with the land farming, craftsmanship raised, science and culture developed.

Samarqand is one of the ancient cities of the world, contemporary of Ancient Rome: the age of its cultural lower layers dates back to the I millennium of our era, and this is where the remains of Marakand lurk a main city of the ancient country namely Sogd.

The previous name of the city is Marakanda; under this name this city was recalled by Greek historians Kvint Kurciy Ruf and later Arrian, Strabon.

During the range of Amir Temur and Temurids (1370-1499) this city used to be the capital of his empire.

Amir Temur made Samarqand as one of the trading centers of the Central Asia. He paid very big attention to development of Islamic culture and improvement of the holy places for Muslims.

The main sights of Samarqand are: Registon, Ulughbek Madrasah, Madrasah Tilla Qori, Madrasah Sherdor, Afrosiob settlement, remains from Ulughbek Observatory, Gur Emir Mausoleum, Bibi Honum Mosque, Shokhi Zinda mausoleums ensemble, Samarqand origination museum, Hazrat Hizr mosque, Khodja Doniyor mausoleum, Ulughbek Observatory and Memorial Museum, Khodja Ziyomurod Mosque, Bibi Honum mausoleum, Kuk Mosque, Ancient business center Chorsu, Abu Mansur Moturudiy mausoleum, Rukhobod mausoleum, Oqsaroy mausoleum, Khoja Nisbatdor Mosque, Ishratkhona, Namozgoh Mosque, Samarqand.

Architectural ensemble of Samarqand spreads from Iron doors to the east in form of the street, with parade tombs and cult construction built alongside.

Priority industries are chemical, food, porcelain, metal processing, machine building and others.

The agriculture is specialized in cotton and wheat growing, wine-making and silk production. The province has big opportunities for highly profitable production in the fruits and vegetable processing sector.  

The communication infrastructure is represented by the developed network of railway, automobile, air transports. Total length of the highway in the province is 4.1 thousand km, railway 400 km.

Blessed Bukhoro is the center of science and culture, industry, craftsmanship, spirituality and tourism

Bukhoro is generous, holy, priceless. City museum, city of poetry and fairy tails. Romantic image of Bukhoro attracts majority of tourists from all over the globe.

Ancient settlement Bukhoro appeared in the first centuries of AD. In VI century it would become the capital city of the early feudal property of Bukhoro oasis. Bukhoro city (Shakhriston) would form beside the artificial hill where ancient citadel used to raise (arch). But as craftsmen towns grew outside the city, they together with Shahriston used to encircle with protection wall. Its remains of XVI century have been kept safe so far. Multi-century history of Bukhoro has left the traces in the territory of the city, which distinctly appear even nowadays. Main ancient streets and their crossings are marked by monumental buildings. Their colorful portals and domes stately rise above the city. Trading shops in the bazaar squares spread out by multi-dome coverings. There is a silent powerful mass of citadel. And minaret Kalon (XII century) loftily is rising over the whole city. Bukhoro saves, though not many, but original treasury of pre-Mongolian period architecture. Mausoleum of Samanids, built in IX-X centuries should first of all referred to them.

Bukhoro used to be a famous trading city on the Great Silk Road. Its center is the treasury of historical and agricultural monuments of the mid century, which are under the state protection. The Uzbekistan government pays big attention to the protection and safety of the historical areas of the city. In 1994, Bukhoro was inscripted to the UNESCO World Heritages List as a memorial of the world cultural heritage. In 1997 Bukhoro celebrated its 2500 anniversary.

At present, in the province there are 49 vocational colleges and 5 academic lyceums, 3 higher educational institutions which prepare the human resources on 297 specialties of 99 directions.

The development type is agrarian and industrial; agriculture share in the GDP is 35.1%, and industry 11.8%. Nowadays, as it trends, the agricultural share in the GRP is being decreased while the industry and services shares are being increased.  

Khiva is an open air museum city

Rich and many-sided history of Khorazm has been attracting the attentions both local and foreign scientists since old times.

There are many historical monuments in the territory of Khorazm. Particularly, architectures of Khiva attract the attention. Historical Arch, Kalta-Minor, Pakhlavon Makhmud mausoleum, Dishan-Qala complex are outstanding in particular. Ichan-Qala being a memorial complex of the Khiva monuments was inscripted into the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Ancient Khiva, a pearl of the East, has celebrated its 2500 anniversary on the international level. 

Majority of the architectural masterpieces of Khiva is concentrated in its city core Ichan Qala. This is a city in the city walled in by stronghold with four doors leading to each part of the world. From the western door to the eastern door lays one of the main roads along which the basic monumental buildings are concentrated.

From the sight tower Oq-Shaykh-bobo the Ichan-Qala is clearly visible. Extraordinary outline of the Kalta-Minor minaret attracts the attention, as if cut till the middle. Its massive stem, exquisitely decorated by broad and narrow belts of glazed brick, witnesses that it was thought to be the grandiose, majestic construction, as a citys basic vertical. But after the death of the ruler during whom the minaret was being constructed, it was left unfinished, with the name attached as Kalta Short.

Very close to Kalta-Minor there is a Madrasah Mukhammad Amin-khon, the largest ever buildings preserved here which used as the highest divine educational institutions. The peculiarity of its architecture is doubled khujras cells for accommodation of the students. The buildings are remarkably decorated by belts of the colorful brick sets, majolica facings.

In the territory of Kunya-Arch Old stronghold, there is a palace of Mukhammad-Rakhimkhon with rich and extraordinary decors of internal appointments: the walls of the hall are trimmed by ganch [gypsum] engraving with colors. Neighboring two floored building is the harem. Therearenumberofrichhouses, livingrooms.

Amazing by its beauty is the Juma mosque (XVIII century, 1788). The dates of its construction are shown on the doors: 1778-1782. But 210 columns of the mosque supporting the roofing are rather elder from XII to XV centuries. They were delivered there from other ancient constructions. Columns are notable by their surprising slenderness, rich ornamental engravings. 

At the doors of Polvon-Darvoza there is whole ensemble of buildings. The major palace of Khiva khans Tosh-Khovli has the special place here. The architecture of its numerous apartments and decorative accuracy are unique. There are here ornamental wood engravings, majolica facings and figured cartouche

The palace of Kurnish-khon was designed at sumptuous receptions. Some time before in the throne hall there used to stand a wooden throne decorated with silver coining on the red background.

The building has magnificent ayvon veranda with columns. The palace is also remarkable with the richest majolica facings of the walls with fanciful ornaments.

Memorial complex Pakhlavon-Makhmud was built to the memory of the respectful Khiva poet, who after his death was canonized as a holy patron of the city. 

Next, there is a 45 meters minaret Islam-Khoja, topped with through lamps and dome on the top.

In the outside part of the city Dishan-Qala there are also not few old architecture monuments.

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